God begins the sixth day by creating land animals.
Genesis 1:24-25 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
The Hebrew word translated “creature” is nephesh. It was first used in verse 20 in reference to animals living in the water. Its basic meaning is “soul” or “life”. It should be understood as a “living being”. It is used of Adam in Genesis 2:7 after God breathed into him and brought him to life. Continue reading →
On the fifth day, God creates all those things which live in the water and all birds.
Genesis 1:20-23 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. 21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. 23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
Notice that God does not say “fish” or “crustaceans” or anything specific. He simply commands that the waters “bring forth abundantly the moving creature”. The Hebrew verb translated “bring forth abundantly” is a cognate of the Hebrew word translated “moving creature”. They both have to do with teeming or swarming. Continue reading →
After creating light on day one, God now makes permanent sources of light for the Earth.
Genesis 1:14-19 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
The main purpose of the lights would be to “divide the day from the night” (vs. 14). This describes what our sun and moon do. These are the “two great lights” in verse 15—one for the day and the other for the night. We understand that the moon does not produce its own light but merely reflects the sun. This does not affect the accuracy of the biblical text. The moon still provides light at night regardless. Reflected light is still light. No doubt our ancestors understood that the moon was reflecting light given the observable changes in it over the lunar cycle. Continue reading →
Plant life is critical for the Earth, providing a source of energy for other lifeforms. This was all part of God’s plan during the creation week.
Genesis 1:11-13 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. 13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
God is purposeful and organized in all He does. After creating the firmament, He makes the next thing necessary for His plan–dry land.
Genesis 1:9-10 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
The words “one place” do not necessarily mean that there was one body of water since “seas” later in the verse is plural. The idea is that the land and seas would be distinct from each other. Each would have its place in the world. Continue reading →